Tuesday, June 03, 2014

Guest Post: Pamela S. Turner on Telling True Stories

By Pamela S. Turner
for Cynthia Leitich Smith's Cynsations

It's hard to write a boring book about dolphins. They are the low-hanging fruit of reader interest.

Dolphins have personalities. Dolphins are active, highly social, and ridiculously smart.

Who doesn't love dolphins?

To write The Dolphins of Shark Bay, with photographs by Scott Tuason (Harcourt, 2013), I traveled to Western Australia and spent a couple of weeks tagging along with Janet Mann, a scientist who has been studying bottlenose dolphins for over twenty-five years.

Spend any time with Janet and you'll learn that dolphins are very complex animals with very complex lives.

Janet Mann
Reggae hydroplanes out of the water to nab fish. Dodger uses a tool to catch hers (no kidding). Puck is an ideal mother, and the members of Puck's large and loving extended family often "pet" each other with their fins. Awww...so cute.

Puck and her son Samu
But not everything dolphins do is admirable or endearing. Take Nicky. Nicky is a terrible mother and almost all of her calves have died of maternal neglect. A male named Cookie rejected his best friend, Smokey, after Smokey was injured by a shark.

All of the male dolphins in Shark Bay engage in kidnapping in order to score mating opportunities with females, and may react violently if the female tries to escape their clutches.

In fact, the lives of adult male dolphins in Shark Bay resemble an awful sixth-grade slumber party where everybody is trying shoulder into the "popular" crowd.

Nicky
There are always moments when a writer of narrative nonfiction for young readers wonders what's appropriate to include. If you're writing a picture book biography of Thomas Jefferson, should you mention Sally Hemings? Should drug abuse be a topic in a middle grade book about The Beatles? When you are on a research boat with a scientist watching three dolphins engaged in what can only be described as "sex play" and the scientist says, "Are you really going to put this in a children's book?", what do you say?

I have never had to make those judgment calls about Thomas Jefferson and The Beatles (Though "Thomas Jefferson and the Beatles" would be a terrific book title).

But I said, "Yes, it's going in the book," to Janet's question about the dolphins' sex play. You can read about it in a chapter called "Dating Games."

Sex play, deadbeat moms and kidnappers may not align with most people's image of "Flipper." But by telling true stories about Reggae, Dodger, Puck, Nicky, Cookie, and Smokey, I was able to show readers the sorts of challenges wild animals face and how they respond to those challenges.

Dodger
Taken together, I think these stories give a picture of dolphin life that is rich and fascinating.

And just speaking for myself: the more I learn about dolphins, the more I love them.



1 comment:

Debbie Reese said...

"Yes, it's going in the book." -- LOVE IT. Thanks! Honesty and integrity of the work and subject.

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